Thursday, December 28, 2017

Thanks to Ron Gault and Bob Bloss

Endless thanks for these two men in my life. Bob Bloss, on the left, was Ron Gault's and my boss at TRW during the hay-day of the company. And during its hay-day, TRW was pretty amazing. I was exposed to and learned more in those 7 years of working with Ron and Bob than most people would see in three lifetimes. I was lucky to work with them at TRW, surrounded by engineers and scientists that made my Fort Lewis College academic pedigree look like... well... Fort Lewis College.  Bob let us do just about anything, as long as it brought in new business and revenue and we didn't create an international incident. And so we did do just about anything.

A partial list of projects: White hat (good guy) attacks and threats against the US nuclear command and control system, from the President to the warhead. Risk assessment of the Hanford Nuclear Waste Site. Software testing and validation for the Peacekeeper and Minuteman ICBM launch control and targeting programs; and the Predator drone. Forensic analysis of the accidental detonation of a Peacekeeper rocket motor during maintenance. Supported the START Treaty. Supported the Project Sapphire to safely secure former Soviet nuclear weapons. Designed and developed the worlds largest data warehouse at the time, used for management and maintenance of nuclear ICBMs. Designed the Strategic Execution Decision Aid for the President and other National Command Authorities. White hack attacks and threat assessment of computerized US voting systems. We built a team around artificial intelligence technology when it was barely emerging, and applied it to all sorts of problems, including healthcare imagery such as x-rays and ultrasounds. Bob let me start a healthcare line of business, which included a research grant for the application of cognitive technology (AI) to healthcare. That grant funding went to Jerome Soller when Jerome was still a PhD student.

So, I owe Ron and Bob my healthcare career... should I thank them or blame them? :-) In any case, I love them. Profoundly wonderful influence on me and more than best friends to this day.

Monday, November 20, 2017

Sage Advice & Coincidences

Our Aunt Harriet Pyle Manuel wrote this to me in my high school graduation card. I didn't get it back then, but I learned to get it as I grew older. I pay attention to it in my personal and professional life. There is truth and beauty in it.

"There are meaningless coincidences in life and there are meaningful coincidences in life. Your heart will know the difference if you listen to it. The meaningful coincidences are God's milestones, telling you that you are on the right path. Watch for those milestones. Be worried when you don't see them; be at peace when you do see them, and stay on that path." 

Tuesday, November 14, 2017

Veterans Day Reflections: Military vs Healthcare Career

A shout out to all my friends and family who served... especially my Dad and brother.
Sheesh, what a youngster in this picture. I was a first Lieutenant... about 1986, 26 years old in this picture, giving a briefing and tour of the Looking Glass Airborne Command Post to a Colonel. It looks like I was wearing an "Alert Crew" badge, which means that I was on a week-long assignment, staying at the crew quarters in the alert facility at Offut Air Force Base. At the time of this picture, there was a Looking Glass aircraft that was constantly airborne with a battle staff crew, and an alert crew on the ground, waiting to go airborne in case of national emergency, or the airborne command post needed immediate relief.
The Air Force gave a few of us the responsibility for "turning keys" that could launch all 1,000 nuclear ICBMs, plus, the responsibility for communicating the Presidential Emergency Action Messages (EAMs) for launching nuclear bombers and submarines, too. And, if that wasn't enough, we were also responsible for reconstitution of the US government in a post-nuclear world, based on anyone who survived. I exited the Air Force a few years later and went to work for TRW. The work we did with NSA was, no exaggeration, straight out of Clancy novels, and even better, thanks to Ron Gault. We were doing very important and cool sh*t to keep the bad guys away from nuclear weapons.
There is nothing that compares to the intensity of responsibility that you experience in the military. Healthcare is a form of mission-based service. It has been interesting, occasionally fulfilling, quite a bit less dangerous... but also incredibly frustrating and frequently boring in comparison. I keep talking about leaving healthcare and going back into the military/national intelligence world, but Laure says "No way. We have babies." 
Aim High. Fly, Fight, Win.

Sunday, November 5, 2017

A CIO's Life: The Ups and Downs

That's the moon shining down on a moored sailboat, owned by Red Sail in the Cayman Islands. I forwarded it to them and they used it for their Christmas card that year. Camera was a plain old Backberry phone.
Taken at 3 am on a sleepless and troubling night, this scene was profoundly meaningful and spiritual to me. The timing in life was perfect. It calmed the waters of my heart.
I'd been living in the Caymans alone for about three months. What's not to love about that, right? 😳 Well, my first day on the job, in September, as CIO for the national health system, was greeted by a computer virus outbreak that disabled every computer in the organization, including every computer used in clinical patient care. In November, when I took this picture, many of us were still working 18 hour days to recover from the disaster. I'd never solved a problem like this before, in my 25-year IT career. Every single computer was infected and inoperable. One of our public health nurses was in the emergency meeting of our executive team to deal with the problem. She made a passing comment about reacting to public health outbreaks-- isolating infected patients and treating them one at a time. That prompted the same thought in my head... the only way to solve this problem was to disconnect every single computer from the network, and treat each one before reintroducing it to the "public" from isolation. There were 2,200 infected computers and it took an average of 90 minutes to treat and repair each one.
Exhausted, but not able to sleep, I walked out to the beach, wondering if I'd made the right choice by taking this new job. This scene was my answer.
Thank you Mighty Creator.

Monday, July 3, 2017

The Death of Risk, Adventure, and Accountability in Our Lives

This article, entitled, "23 Dangerous Things You Should Let Your Kids Do", prompted me to pause and think. Here are the 23 things that the article advocates:

Play with fireworks
Hammer a nail
Stick your arm out a car window
Jump off a cliff
Use a bow and arrow
Cook a meal
Climb a tree
Go sledding
Drive a car
Burn things with a magnifying glass
Walk or ride a bike to school
Shoot a gun
Stand on a roof
Squash a penny on a railroad track
Sword fight with sticks
Shoot a slingshot
Explorer a construction site
Use a pocket knife
Climb a rope
Ride your bike off a ramp
Make a fire
Explore a tunnel

Give my Mom and Dad credit for letting me do all 23 of these, and many more. For example, two blocks from our house was the boundary of forest and wilderness and BLM land that covered over 21,000 square miles. But starting in the 6th grade, 12 years old, Jim Dunlap, Chris Rossmiller and I would don our canvas backpacks loaded with canvas tents and sleeping bags, and cans of beans, and we would walk into that forest to camp and explore for the weekend. We weighed less than the packs. Going backpacking in that expansive forest was adventure and risk enough, but our adventures and shenanigans once inside that forest were the real risks.
That was only a small part of the many things our parents allowed... like building a ski jump off of the roof in the 5th grade. (I need to write more of these stories down for Anna and Luke.)
Despite having lost two of their beloved six children to tragic accidents, they let me, the youngest of those six, lead a life that my personality required. They could have easily hovered and overprotected me, but they let me be me. Now as a parent, I cannot imagine the courage and faith that they possessed to do that... you can be sure that they talked about it and had sleepless nights about it... but I'm endlessly grateful that they did. God bless them, both. 💚
Parents today almost can't allow for this sort of upbringing, for fear of being condemned, sued, or arrested. We live in a messed-up time now, where we try to reduce all risks in life, no matter how unlikely, and we'll pass laws to make sure you do. Thanks to lawyers who stoke and thrive on irrational fear, and to people who, if they suffer an accident or injury, blame everyone else, or reach for a cell phone and call for a helicopter to evacuate them when they should've been better prepared and conditioned in the first place. Had Jim, Chris, or me become lost or injured, our parents would not have been condemned by the local community in Durango, or threatened with arrest for child endangerment. They would have been supported for allowing that way of life. That was the norm.
I'm going to try my best to give Anna and Luke the freedom to be who they need to be. It wont' be easy because, to some degree, I've been conditioned and softened by the society we live in, too. To hell with that. 😀

Friday, March 31, 2017

Russian Nuclear Subs Prowling Again

This article in the Washington Post describes the increased presence of Russian nuclear-armed submarines off the coast of the US, reflecting the same levels of presence that occurred during the height of the Cold War. With the decay of the Soviet bloc in the early 1990s, all of us hoped and thought that the Cold War is over. So much for hope. The Russians and Putin are right back in the same game, and maybe worse.

Before every Looking Glass mission, our intelligence briefing would include the status of Soviet nuclear-armed submarines and their locations. Typically, there were 3-4 that would lurk a few hundred miles off the East Coast. In those positions, they could strike Washington DC and New York City in 4 mins. Meaning, we had very little time to assess, decide, and react if under attack. After the Air Force, I spent two years as a civilian consultant to the Pentagon, working for TRW, studying this scenario and developing the policies, procedures, plans and computer-aided decision support systems to support it. Before this project, there was a tendency for US decision makers to overreact, guaranteeing nuclear escalation. It's all downhill to the end of the world after that.

Tuesday, March 28, 2017

Communicating During and After Nuclear Exchange

There is an intricate, complex network of redundant methods for communicating during the pre-, trans-, and post attack period of a nuclear war. As the Airborne C3I Officer aboard Looking Glass, it was my team's responsibility for managing this network and communicating over it.

One of those networks is associated with High Frequency (HF) radio communications. Here's a summary of that network, pasted below from here.

United States Air Force High Frequency Global Communications System (HFGCS)
(Updated 2014)

HFGCS History

HFGCS used to be GHFS.

GHFS (Global High Frequency System) began on 1 June 1992, when it
was created out of two earlier HF networks, the GIANT TALK used
by the Strategic Air Command, and the Global Command and Control
System (GCCS), used by the rest of the Air Force.  This change
reflected the reorganization of the Air Force following the end of
the cold war, with SAC becoming part of United States Strategic
Command (STRATCOM), TAC becoming the Air Combat Command (ACC), and
MAC becoming the Air Mobility Command (AMC; call sign "Reach").

GHFS became HF-GCS in 2003, on completion of the multiyear equipment
upgrade called SCOPE COMMAND, and nearly all control was moved to
Andrews Air Force Base in Maryland. Current HFGCS stations consist
of a receiver site, a transmitter site, and a control system. These
are extremely configurable and flexible, and they can be operated
remotely, locally, or any combinations of both.

Emission can be USB voice, Automatic Link Establishment (ALE), or
data modem. Most traffic on the main channels is voice, though a
large number of other channels exist for ALE autoscan.

At some point HF-GCS lost its hyphen, and now it's just HFGCS. The
station list, schedules, and procedures used to appear in an
unclassified flight manual, but this document has since become

More recently, in 2013, the ground stations for the most part have
stopped identifying broadcasts with their locations. This reflects
the full "lights out" automation of the system, and its extreme
flexibility. Usually, the identity of the specific transmitter
is no longer particularly relevant.

Currently, broadcasts are identified with "MAINSAIL." This is the
long-time group call sign for all ground stations. Similarly,
mobiles calling MAINSAIL can be regarded as a CQ to any ground

Other HFGCS Facts

At one time, HFGCS was listed as providing the following services:
 Unclassified phone patches
 Message relay
 Mission following
 EAM broadcasts
 Data modem services
 Emergency assistance
 MIJI reports (Meaconing, Intrusion, Jamming, Interference)

RTTY has not been supported for several years now.

Phone patch traffic is down on this net, though a lot of it has
moved to MARS channel 13927 kHz USB. An ALE autodialer used to be
provided on 9025 kHz. Its status is unknown.

Remaining HFGCS Patches or long conversations can still be moved
to discrete frequencies, to free up the net.

Most traffic is EAM broadcasts. This stands for Emergency Action
Message, though very few are really national emergencies. EAMs have
the distinctive preamble of their first six characters and "Stand
By." The latter prosign reflects the high traffic precedence of
these coded military orders or bulletins, which exceeds most other
non-override traffic except for in-flight emergencies. Other
users are expected to stand by when one is in progress. This also
explains why EAMs don't listen first. They just start up.

SKYKING messages are special EAM, Emergency Action Messages,
presumably the nuclear go/no-go codes.  Urgent ones are repeated
three or four times, instead of the usual two.  SKYKING is a group
callsign for units in the Single Integrated Operation Plan (SIOP)
for strategic operations." "Do not answer" is the standard procedure
for self-authenticating broadcasts, meaning that recipients don't
need to give away their positions or existence by challenging the

The distinctive touch-tone beeps (DTMF tones) are still on occasion
heard at the end of transmissions. These are left over from Giant
Talk, and they may eventually be replaced by another system. These
beeps key and unkey remote transmitters. The echoes heard are both
propagation delays and/or the result of slow landlines or satellites
linking the distant sites. Usually, it's the second one, because
the delays are too long for even the longest terrestrial paths.

One Giant Talk holdover is 6761 kHz USB, the old SAC night primary.
It is now used as an air-to-air channel. Though it's not technically
part of HFGCS, it is still used for coordinating in-flight refueling.

The status of 10780 kHz, the onetime backup at Cape Canaveral Air
Force Station, is unknown. There are reports that this radio asset
has been moved or dismantled.

From the start, HFGCS was intended for multi-service use.  It replaced
US Navy's Fleet HICOM (High Command), which phased out and is now
dead, though its frequencies are occasionally used for other purposes.
One also hears US Army vessels (yes, the Army has a "navy"). HFGCS
services are also available to any allies or other units authorized
by the US Department of Defense (DoD).

Finally, this leaves 6761, the former SAC night primary, as an
air-to-air channel.  Though it's not technically part of HFGCS, it is
still used for coordinating in-flight refueling.

At one time, the full information on HFGCS was available to the public
in the DoD FLIP (Flight Information Publications). These publications
have since been classified as sensitive, and at present they are
available in digital files to authorized users only.

Therefore, anything you see on the Internet is probably dated. The full
schedule has been removed from this web site, in order to prevent error

HFGCS Lexicon:

A---            US Army callsign, usually a troop boat or terminal
AR              Aerial Refueling, usually with a track number
AUTODIN         Automated Digital Network
Block time      Final arrival time, when plane is in the blocks
Class A, B      Refers to explosive on board
CNCS            Centralized Network Control Station (Andrews)
DSN             Defense Switched Network, old "Autovon"
DV              Distinguished Visitor
FL              Flight level (altitude when higher up)
Hazmat          Hazardous cargo
IFE             Inflight emergency, as declared by pilot
IR              Instrument Route; aerial training routes
M&W             Morale and Welfare (patch)
MAINSAIL        General call: Any ground station this net
METRO           Base weather office
NIPRNET         Non-Secret Internet Protocol Routing Network
Offload         Fuel, in pounds
Pallets         Cargo
Pax             Passengers
PIREP           Pilot Report; weather observation with standard items
REACH           Standing callsign: any AMC flight.  Followed by
                tail or mission number, or a special code.
RON             Remain Over Night (crew needs place to sleep)
RTB             Return To Base, mission aborted
SAM             Special Air Mission (VIP)
SCOPE           System Capable Of Planned Expansion
SIPRNET         Secure Internet Protocol Routing Network
SKYBIRD         Group callsign: all STRATCOM assets on net
SKYKING         Group callsign: all SIOP assets on net



4724.0 6739.0 8992.0 11175.0 13200.0 15016.0

8992 and 11175 are 24-hour. Lower ones are used for traffic at
night, higher ones in the day time. EAM can be simulcast on any
of these.

(Some may have closed)

Andersen Air Base             Guam (ALE: GUA)
Andrews Air Force Base        MD (ALE: ADW)
Ascension Island AF           S Atlantic (ALE: HAW)
Croughton AB                  UK (ALE: CRO)
Diego Garcia NS               Indian Ocean (ALE: JDG)
Elmendorf AFB                 AK (ALE: AED)
Falklands?                    S. Atlantic Ocean (ALE: MPA)
Hickam AFB                    HI (ALE: HIK)
Keflavik NAS                  Iceland (ALE: IKF)
Lajes AB                      Azores (ALE: PLA)
McClellan AF                  CA (ALE: MCC)
Offutt AFB                    NE (ALE: OFF)
Salinas                       PR (ALE: JNR; Voice: "Puerto Rico")
Sigonella NAS                 Sicily (ALE: ICZ)
Yokota AB                     Japan (ALE: JTY)

McClellan was known as "West Coast" for a time, but right before
everything went to MAINSAIL, it had gone back to the McClellan
name. The old base was closed under BRAC, but some air ops remain
at the site.  The SCOPE COMMAND radios are a separate activity

Thanks to Ron Gault and Bob Bloss

Endless thanks for these two men in my life. Bob Bloss, on the left, was Ron Gault's and my boss at TRW during the hay-day of the compa...